Clare also advance to semis as summer of shocks claims another victim
IrishCentral Staff Writer
Kilkenny’s reign as the kingpins of hurling is over – as Henry Shefflin’s bid to make history ended in a red card fiasco.
Shefflin’s chances of a 10th All-Ireland senior hurling winner’s medal disappeared when he was sent-off in Sunday’s quarter-final defeat to Cork.
The Ballyhale ace was harshly dismissed when he picked up a second yellow card just before half-time in the 0-19 to 0-14 defeat.
Kilkenny never recovered from the loss of their star man in the first game he has started all year after a foot injury.
And while boss Brian Cody had no problem acknowledging that a hungrier and fresher Cork deserved their win, he was critical of the decision to send Shefflin off.
The Cats boss blasted: “As regards yellow cards, it has gone crazy, it has gone mad altogether.
“But if that is the way they want it, that is the way they like it. I have no idea why Henry Shefflin got two yellow cards.
“The second one was so clear to me, there was a Cork player falling down, his hurl was very low and when a player falls, the hurl obviously ends up around his neck.
“But Henry didn’t put the hurl up there. The person put his body down into it. But look I am not going to be complaining about referees or anything else.
“I could have done that for years and I haven’t done it so congratulations to Cork, it was a great win.
“Our lads gave it everything, their spirit was fantastic out there. We kept going to the very, very end.
“Things did not particularly go our way in certain facets of the game but then again we have been successful for a long time now and we are facing now what a long number of counties have faced from us over the years, I suppose.”
Question marks have already been raised over the future of Cody as Kilkenny manager and Shefflin as their star man.
But Cody refused to comment on the future as Kilkenny failed to reach the All-Ireland final for the first time since 2005 and missed the semis for the first time in 16 years.
Cody, who underwent heart surgery earlier in the year, told RTÉ Sport: “I have no idea. Obviously, I don’t come in to today deciding that this is whatever it is. I’ve no idea at all.
“I feel the same as I do every other year about it. I have no idea, there’s no decision made about anything so I won’t even consider it for a long, long time.
“There has been a few ‘ends of eras’ predicted all along over the last number of years and I don’t think eras ever end, to be honest about it.
“If an end of a era means it’s the end of the Kilkenny senior hurling team being competitive at inter-county level I’d say it’s something that shouldn’t be allowed to happen so let’s wait and see.
“There is mileage on some of them legs and there’s not much mileage on others, but a team evolves, a team changes, individuals come and go and the team goes on.”
Cork will now face Dublin in the All-Ireland semi-final at Croke Park on August 11th.
Clare will play Limerick in the second semi-final a week later after Davy Fitzgerald’s side beat Galway by 1-23 to 2-14.
IrishCentral Staff Writer
The game was controversial with Kilkenny legend Henry Shefflin sent off at the end of the first half.
Kilkenny also had a disallowed goal early in the second half and it seems this mighty team, the greatest of all time by most standards. has finally run out of luck. It may also end the era of coach Brian Cody.
Cork’s Pat Horgan scored 0-11 points as Jimmy Barry Murphy’s men completely dominated the opening exchanges and went on to win easily.
Inventor Trevor Baylis says he faces having to sell his house after failing to make money from his wind up radio and is now calling for the government to step into to protect inventors.
By Richard Gray, Science Correspondent
17 Feb 2013
“I’ve got someone coming around in the next couple of weeks to do a valuation on my house,” says Trevor Baylis, as he walks into the sitting room of his home on Eel Pie Island, in Twickenham, south-west London.
“I’m going to have to sell it or remortgage it – I’m totally broke. I’m living in poverty here.”
Surely not? This is the man whose wind-up radio has sold in millions around the world, and was recently named among the 50 greatest inventions in British history.
The story of Baylis and the clockwork radio he developed in his garden shed in the early Nineties should be a shining example of how British ingenuity can lead to success.
On the walls of his house are nearly a dozen honorary degrees he has since received, a letter he was sent by the Prince of Wales on being awarded an OBE, and photographs of himself with Nelson Mandela.
But as the eccentric 75-year-old inventor shows off the compact home and chaotic workshop he built himself nearly 40 years ago, he grows remorseful.
Despite the apparent success of his wind-up radio and several follow-up products employing similar technology including a torch, a mobile phone charger and an MP3 player, Mr Baylis says he has received almost none of the profits.
Due to the quirks of patent law, the company he went into business with to manufacture his radios were able to tweak his original design, which used a spring to generate power, so that it charged a battery instead. This caused him to lose control over the product.
Now Mr Baylis wants the Government to protect future generations of inventors from suffering a similar fate.
“We are brilliant at inventing but appalling in the way we treat inventors,” he says. “I was very foolish. I didn’t protect my product properly and allowed other people to take my product away. It is too easy to rip off other people’s ideas.
“You have to take someone to court to stop them, but as a lone inventor, you just can’t afford to do that. If they just change the design slightly, then they can claim they have got around the patent.
“The Government needs to stand behind the lone inventor. There needs to be better support to help inventors keep their designs and to help them fight against the big boys.”
Mr Baylis has been lobbying for the patent system to become more robust and to turn the theft of intellectual property into a white-collar crime that carries a prison sentence.
Currently patent infringement is considered to be a civil matter in the UK rather than a criminal matter. According to Mr Baylis, other countries such as the US and Germany provide far greater protection and support to their engineers and inventors.
Next week Vince Cable, the Business Secretary, will sign a new agreement to establish a Europe-wide patent that will cover 25 countries and is aimed at simplifying the process of protecting designs for inventors.
However, in a world of international trade, where products are manufactured on the cheap in countries such as China and imported, the risk of having a design stolen or copied is even greater due to the difficulties in bringing lawsuits and the poorer regulation in these countries.
Even major companies like Apple have suffered from their technology being copied by Chinese firms.
Mr Baylis insists that the Government should make tackling this problem a priority to help bolster the UK economy.
“Even when someone has a bright idea, what tends to happen is that it goes off abroad to China to be manufactured. Once something is being manufactured overseas, then those ideas can be stolen.
“The Government should definitely play more of a role in stopping this from happening. They should offer financial support, advice on developing people’s inventions, and help to keep that manufacturing here in the UK. It would make money for the British economy.”
Over the past nine years, Mr Baylis has been using his own money to help fund a company designed to provide advice to inventors and helping them take their products to market.
But faced with growing financial dire straits, the firm is struggling. Mr Baylis himself now survives by earning money as a motivational after-dinner speaker, but despite clearly loving to talk, even this source of income is now drying up.
As he bustles around his one-bedroom home, Mr Baylis, who is single, tells a torrent of bawdy jokes and one liners.
He built the house, which features its own mooring on the Thames and a five-metre swimming pool in what doubles as his entrance hall, in the 1970s for just £20,000.
He had fallen in love with Eel Pie Island as a young man due to a passion for jazz – in the 1960s the island was famed as a jazz and blues venue. There are now 120 inhabitants on the island and a number of artists’ studios.
Mr Baylis shares his home with Ike, a plump Labrador. On the walls he has a few pictures of his “lady friend”, but it is clear his house lacks a woman’s touch. “I never throw anything away,” he says. “You never know when it might be useful.”
Screws, bolts, pieces of wire, cogs, circuit boards and fuses litter the place. Even old microwave meal trays are put to good use as makeshift drawers for some of his odds and ends.
The garden, which overlooks the Thames, is designed with the simple functionality of a bachelor in mind. There are plastic flowers sitting in pots on top of synthetic grass, the ultimate in low maintenance.
The shell of a classic car he attempted to build in his younger days sits on one side of the garden as a rather extravagant parasol stand.
Running around the outside of the main part of the house is what Mr Baylis calls his “studio”. It is the workshop where he continues to tinker with ideas and build devices using an impressive selection of band saws and lathes.
He has invented more than 250 products, including a shoe that generates enough electricity as you walk to charge a mobile phone, a self-weighing briefcase, and a device that allows the disabled to open jars with one hand.
On the shelves around his workshop are dozens of wind-up radios, torches and other clockwork devices.
He still has the original prototype of the wind-up radio he first built back in 1991 after watching a television programme about the spread of Aids in Africa.
By allowing people to access the air waves – and therefore information – in remote areas of the continent where there was no electricity, he hoped it could help tackle the spread of the disease by allowing advice about contraception to reach everyone.
An ugly black box with a large metal key in the back, the original prototype ran for just 14 minutes before needing to be wound up again, but over time the efficiency improved and the product became slicker.
In 1995, following an appearance on Tomorrow’s World, he set up Baygen Power Industries before the company was renamed Freeplay Energy.
It was at this point that the design began incorporating cheap rechargeable battery technology and his involvement ceased. Freeplay has gone on to sell more than three million wind-up radios, with that number growing every day.
John Hutchinson, chief technology officer at Freeplay, said Mr Baylis had voluntarily sold his shares in the company and that technology had moved on, leaving his original patent outdated.
He said: “Freeplay developed its own technology and by 2000 no more clockwork radios were made. The method was to use human power to recharge a battery. Trevor sold his shares in the company and the now outdated patent was incorporated into Freeplay.”
Earlier this year the wind-up radio was named by the Radio Times as one of the 50 greatest British inventions of all time, along with the steam engine, the television, the jet and the world wide web.
Now Mr Baylis, a former professional swimmer and stunt performer, contents himself with soaking in the hot tub he has built in his garden every morning and taking Ike for long walks.
But he fears that he may have to sell his beloved home as debts begin to mount. Other properties on the island have sold for up to £400,000.
He has also been offered £80,000 for his treasured Jaguar E Type, which he keeps locked away from the elements in a garage.
“I don’t want people looking at me and thinking how sad it is that I am now living in poverty,” he says. Instead he wants his situation to be a cautionary tale. “If people are not going to be rewarded for their inventions, then why should they invent at all. This nation was built on inventions and manufacturing.
“People like James Dyson have done very well, but not many of us have all the business skills we need to bring a product to market.
“Students need to be taught about intellectual property in schools and the Government needs to have people who have themselves invented working for them.
“We need to value inventors, otherwise more will end up with nothing.”
Updated Sat Oct 13, 2012
A team of Australian scientists believe they have uncovered the cause of one of nature’s most bizarre phenomenon – ball lightning.
Ball lightning is typically the size of a grapefruit and lasts up to 20 seconds.
“Ball lightning has been reported by hundreds of people, for hundreds of years and it has been a mystery,” said CSIRO scientist John Lowke, lead author of a new study published in the Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres.
Previous theories have suggested microwave radiation, oxidising aerosols, nuclear energy, dark matter, antimatter, and even black holes as possible causes.
One recent theory suggests burning silicon that has been vaporised by a lightning strike.
To unravel the mystery Mr Lowke and colleagues at the CSIRO and the Australian National University, turned their attention to reports of ball lightning forming near windows.
“There are many observations of ball lightning appearing from a glass window either in a house (or) in the cockpit of an aircraft,” he said.
“If it’s burning silicon, how did it come in?”
After hitting the ground and lighting the sky, lightning strikes leave behind a trail of charged particles, or ions. In most cases, these positive and negative ions recombine in a split seconds. Any remaining ions travel down to the ground.
Mr Lowke’s theory is that some of these ions can accumulate on the outside of non-conducting surfaces such as a window.
“These ions pile up and produce an electrical field which penetrate the glass,” he said.
Mr Lowke says the field gives free electrons on the inside of the window enough energy to knock off electrons from surrounding air molecules, as well as release photons, creating a glowing ball.
Recreating it in the lab
“This is the first paper which gives a mathematical solution explaining the birth or initiation of ball lighting,” Mr Lowke said.
He says the next step is to use the theory to replicate ball lightning in the laboratory. That may still prove difficult, as it would require equipment capable of producing 100 million volts.
But a ball lightning event seen by a former US Air Force pilots suggests another approach.
While flying a C-133A cargo plane from California to Hawaii, former Lieutenant Don Smith saw two horns of Saint Elmo’s fire appear on the plane’s randome (radar cover).
“It looked as if the airplane now had bull’s horns…they were glowing with the blue of electricity,” he said.
“[It] was driven by ions from the aircraft radar operated at maximum power during a dense fog.”
One aspect of ball lightning that the study did not tackle is the loud bang that can occur at the end of a display.
“About a third of the sightings end in a bang,” Mr Lowke said.
“[It may be that] the electric field tends to heat the gas and the whole thing takes off getting hotter and hotter and hotter and the bang is caused by the expansion of the gas.”
But he says that is just speculation and is happy to leave that for another study.
Links to great photo’s and video…
- Men saw a ten per cent improvement in ‘glance’ time when font was changed to a clearer typeface
- However women responded with the same reaction time across both fonts
- video at,
By Eddie Wrenn
PUBLISHED: 11:10 EST, 26 September 2012 | UPDATED: 12:31 EST, 26 September 2012
Researchers have warned that the type of font used inside your car can make a difference in your chances of having a crash.
With car radios becoming more advanced, and many drivers relying on GPS devices to get them from A to B, we are becoming more reliant on at-a-glance information presented within the cabin.
MIT researchers, working at the research university’s Age Lab, compared a range of fonts – and discovered that even subtle differences in fonts could cost you enough reaction time to travel for 50 feet before getting your eyes back to the road.
Researchers at MIT placed a touchscreen in a simulator, along with eye tracking cameras and a video camera mounted on the dash
The research team used driving simulators to measure how 82 people, aged between 36 and 75, responded to two different font styles.
The researchers used two fonts – both superficially similar – for the study.
One was Eurostile, known as a ‘square grotesque’ typeface with small gaps between letters – and curled letters like ‘C’ having small openings.
The other typeface was Frutiger, which comes with wider spacings and openings.
Surprising, gender made a difference in how people reacted to the fonts.
Eurostile (left) vs Frutiger (right): The test fonts were constructed to have equivalent letter heights based on the letter ‘H’
Fonts a plenty: The team researched a range of fonts to try and find the best non-distracting way of communicating during driving
Women showed little difference between the two fonts – but men could process the messages, such as driving directions, much quicker when Frutiger was used – by an average of 10.6 per cent.
David Gould, director of product marketing at Monotyp, said: ‘Across both experiments, it’s very notable that the two different testing conditions showed a lowering of visual demand of around 10.6 percent among the men.
‘This difference in glance time represents approximately 50 feet in distance when travelling at U.S. highway speed.
‘Although we’ve only scratched the surface and more typeface studies need to be done, we see this as a call to action for auto manufacturers, their suppliers and safety standards bodies to recognise that typeface style can represent a critical element of the driving experience.
‘The human brain was developed around perception at daytime running speeds – not 70 miles per hour.’
The photos compare images of two brains, one with and without head injury. The red areas indicates electrical activity in response to the task researchers asked study participants to perform, and non-injured brains show more red, thus more electrical activity during the task. Images courtesy of Steven Broglio
Concussions and even lesser head impacts may speed up the brain’s natural aging process by causing signaling pathways in the brain to break down more quickly than they would in someone who has never suffered a brain injury or concussion.
Researchers from the University of Michigan School of Kinesiology and the U-M Health System looked at college students with and without a history of concussion and found changes in gait, balance and in the brain’s electrical activity, specifically attention and impulse control, said Steven Broglio, assistant professor of kinesiology and director of the Neurotrauma Research Laboratory. The declines were present in the brain injury group up to six years after injury, though the differences between the study groups were very subtle, and outwardly all of the participants looked and acted the same. Broglio, who is also affiliated with Michigan NeuroSport, stressed that the studies lay out a hypothesis where concussions and head impacts accelerate the brain’s natural aging process. The study, “Cognitive decline and aging: The role of concussive and subconcussive impacts,” appears in the July issue of journal Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. “The last thing we want is for people to panic. Just because you’ve had a concussion does not mean your brain will age more quickly or you’ll get Alzheimer’s,” Broglio said. “We are only proposing how being hit in the head may lead to these other conditions, but we don’t know how it all goes together just yet.” Broglio stressed that other factors, such as lifestyle choices, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical exercise, family history and whether or not you “exercise” your brain also impact the brain’s aging process. Concussion may only be one small factor. To begin to understand how concussions might impact brain activity and its signaling pathways, researchers asked the participants to perform certain tasks in front of a computer, and took images of their brains. The brains of the nonconcussed group showed a greater area of electrical activation than the participants with a history of brain injury. The signaling pathways in our brains are analogous to a five-lane highway. On a new highway, traffic runs smoothly and quickly as all lanes are in top shape. However, during normal aging, the asphalt deteriorates and lanes might become bumpy or even unusable. Traffic slows. Similarly, our brains start with all pathways clear to transfer electrical signals rapidly. As we age, the brain’s pathways break down and can’t transfer the information as quickly. Concussive and other impacts to the head may result in a ‘pothole’ on the brain’s highway, causing varying degrees of damage and speeding the pathway’s natural deterioration. “What we don’t know is if you had a single concussion in high school, does that mean you will get dementia at age 50?” Broglio said. “Clinically, we don’t see that. What we think is it will be a dose response. “So, if you played soccer and sustained some head impacts and maybe one concussion, then you may have a little risk. If you went on and played in college and took more head balls and sustained two more concussions, you’re probably at a little bigger risk. Then if you play professionally for a few years, and take more hits to the head, you increase the risk even more. We believe it’s a cumulative effect.” More information: In the next phase of study, researchers will look at people in their 20s, 40s and 60s who did and did not sustain concussions during high school sports. They hope to learn if there is an increasing effect of concussion as the study subjects age. If interested in participating in the study, email email@example.com.
Read more at: http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-07-concussions-impacts-brain-aging.html#jCp